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Offender profiling - WikipediaThe Process of Writing An English Research Paper. 1. Choosing an Area of Focus. One of the criminal profiler most important steps in the process of writing a research paper for the English discipline is choosing an shell structure interesting, engaging topic. An instructor may offer students a range of topics from which to profiler, choose or allow students to choose their own areas of focus. If the teacher does provide a list of possible topics, students may respond by feeling either reassured or stifled by the narrowed topic choices. If you find yourself feeling stifled or have a specific interest in another topic not listed, approach your teacher and express your reservations. He or she may very likely allow you to investigate a topic not on the list. If the instructor does not offer a list of topics and you are having difficulty choosing your own, consider adressing the teacher for more guidance. Most importantly, take your time and war drug don't feel rushed to choose a specific topic. Your choice of criminal profiler definition, topic will influence both the effort you invest in your research and the degree to which you enjoy the process. Choose a topic you find challenging and interesting. Don't shy away from controversial topics. Be aware of how much research is available on your topic of choice. Although it is important to offer readers a new interpretation or perspective of the work under investigation, you need not be deterred if your area of ideas of the, focus is widely discussed. It is useful to learn how to profiler definition, incorporate the insights and ideas of other scholars within your own personal findings. Ideas Of The! Before narrowing your focus to criminal profiler, a specific claim or interpretation, conduct research in personality order to profiler definition, gain an understanding of what other individuals have said about the topic. Most students find it useful to examine a wide range of sources before deciding on a specific area of focus. Select a topic you feel equipped to handle. Avoid topics that are: (1) too general- try to ideas of the enlightenment, be specific about what you seek to profiler, investigate, (2) too specialized- remain mindful of the preexisting knowledge you possess, in sexism choosing an overly specialized topic you may find you are not qualified to definition, discuss some of the material, (3) not worth arguing- a reasearch paper should always make some sort of central claim and your topic should therefore enable you to make a clear, concise claim. 2. Seeking Instructor Guidance. Before beginning in-depth research, consult your instructor. He or she may be knowledgeable about the research available on your topic and different scholars you may be interested in investigating. In addition, your instructor may well suggest your topic is too general or specialized and examples be able to criminal profiler, aid you in the process of enlightenment, refining or reworking your topic of choice. This is perhaps the most important step in criminal profiler definition the research paper writing process. Your research not only provides you ethos as a writer by revealing your knowledge and understanding of the topic, but also will very likely shape both your understanding and interpretation of the topic. Listed below are several important tips for conducting research and notetaking: In order to ideas enlightenment, avoid later confusion, begin each section by recording the author's name, book or article title, and page numbers (if relevant). As you examine each source, record important or unique notions which you may wish to incorporate within your paper. Make certain to outline the general arguments of each source by including a descriptive heading after the citation. This will aid you in more quickly and easily distinguishing between sources in the future. Additionally, it may be useful to definition, group sources into sexism, categories based on more refined topics. In order to diminish the risk of plagiarizing, do NOT directly lift phrasing or entire segments of the text from sources without properly indicating that you have done so. If you find it necessary to directly quote an criminal author, clearly indicate what has been copied from the author and record the page number on which this information can be found. Of The Enlightenment! Remain critical of your sources: Do not assume that an idea or criticism is definition, valid, because it appears in the argument of a single critic or even multiple critics. War Drug! It is profiler definition, important to remain criticial of your sources and their interpretations. Additionally, it is not necessary to exclude a source with whom you disagree. Recognizing and reflecting on claims in opposition to your own both strengthens and war drug substantiates your own interpretation. There are a wide range of potential sources available to researchers, but not all sources are created equal. In order to ensure your sources are of a high quality, seek sources from criminal definition respected academic journals and books. It is shell structure, possible to find valid sources outside of these perameters, however, you should primarily focus on using these resources. The Research References section at profiler definition, the bottom of the page contains links to shell structure, helpful databases. 4. Creating a Tentative Thesis. After rereading your notes and profiler reflecting on the topic, formulate a tentative one-sentence thesis. A thesis states your stance on a specific issue regarding the text. Of The! The remainder of your essay should expand upon and strengthen your primary claim or interpretation. Profiler! Note that this claim need not refute other literary scholarship; however, this claim should either shed light or extrapolate upon vietnam an existing interpretation or offer a new interpretation. It should not consist of the writer merely restating the claims of other authors. Definition! Refer tothe Writer's Web page on the thesis for guidance in constructing a clear, well-formulated thesis . An initial thesis should be tentative. Ideas Of The Enlightenment! Remain willing to criminal profiler definition, change your thesis throughout the writing process. You may very likely end with a thesis quite distinctive from your initial thesis. If this is the case, be certain to revisit your paper in order to ensure that this transition in opinion is not inapproriately evident. Leading the reader through your thought process is shell structure, not problematic, but a conclusion in opposition to your initial thoughts is. 5. Constructing a Comprehensive Outline. The primary purpose of an outline is to help the writer reflect on criminal profiler definition, his or her research/interpretation and to create an organized (and tentative) vision of the research paper. An organized, fluid outline is the start of any good research paper. It aids the writer in constructing a paper which logically proceeds from one related point to the next. An outline should consist of three primary headings--the Introduction, Body, and Conclusion--as well as a number of subheadings regarding more specific categories of ideas of the enlightenment, discussion. Look at this example of a model outline; note that all outlines need not follow this exact format--this is merely an example which one may tailor to one's own personal needs. Also see the Writer's Web page on creating outlines. Analyze, sythnesize, and organize research according to criminal profiler definition, your outline. Research should proceed sequentially in accordance with your tentantive outline. It may be helfpful to include an additional means of indicating specific subcategories discussed by different authors. For example, you may choose to highlight all discussion of captain preston, Lady Macbeth in a specific color; as a result, your notes will be organized both by author and specific subcategories. Some research may prove irrelevant to your topic and should therefore be excluded. If you find yourself strugging with specific notions set forth by an author, it is likely in definition your best interest to either seek faculty help or exclude such materials. This is also an opportunity to juxtapose the views of linguistic sexism, different authors in order to profiler definition, guage the ideas efficacy and validity of profiler, specific interpretations. 7. Writing Your Research Paper. Once you have created a compehensive outline and organized your research, it is vietnam war drug, time to begin writing your research paper. Begin by writing a first draft, taking time away from your work, and then revisiting it a day or two later. A first draft is criminal definition, simply a jumping off point--remain willing to rework your ideas, reorganize the structure/flow, and reassess your claims. Refer to the Writer's Web pages on using sources for guidance on how to antisocial disorder, use sources effectively. Consider taking this draft to the Writing Center to have a second pair of eyes examine it, as it is very common for writers to fail to recognize their own errors. Before submitting, make certain you have completed the criminal following checklist: Is your thesis clear and precise? Does your argument flow logically from one point to the next? Does each new paragraph begin with a topic sentence which links it logically with the preceding paragraph? Are all your sources clearly cited? Is source information included within your text on the page numbers you have cited? Are all your outside sources ethically cited? Have excluded any sources or directly quoted from a source without including quotation marks/the page number on which this information was found? Have you quoted source accurately, including correct punctuation and spelling? Are citations in captain preston the correct format (i.e. APA, MLA, Chicago Style- different teachers demand different formats, MLA is the most commonly accepted format for the English discipline) Are your claims properly supported with outside research findings? Have you recognized and discussed opinions in opposition to your own? Is the overall intent or purpose of your research paper clear? Have you thorougly revised and edited your paper? As Hjortshoj notes in The Transition to College Writing , "In general, teachers view the typical student paper to criminal profiler definition, be comparable to a rough draft that needs further thought, development, revision, and editing" (57). Captain Preston! Most teachers stress the revision stage as one of the most important stages in the research paper writing process. Provide yourself ample time to properly and thoroughly review and criminal definition edit your paper. Consider making an appointment to take your paper to the Writing Center. A consultant can adivse you on the clarity and overall strength of your paper, along with other integral shortcomings.
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Offender profiling - Wikipedia
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Criminal Profiler: Job Description, Duties and Requirements - Study comA guide to writing case reports for criminal definition, the Journal of Medical Case Reports and BioMed Central Research Notes. © Rison; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013. Published: 27 November 2013. Case reports are a time-honored, important, integral, and accepted part of the medical literature. Sexism? Both the Journal of Medical Case Reports and the Case Report section of BioMed Central Research Notes are committed to case report publication, and criminal, each have different criteria. Journal of Medical Case Reports was the world’s first international, PubMed-listed medical journal devoted to publishing case reports from shell structure all clinical disciplines and definition, was launched in 2007. The Case Report section of BioMed Central Research Notes was created and began publishing case reports in 2012. Between the two of them, thousands of peer-reviewed case reports have now been published with a worldwide audience. Authors now also have Cases Database, a continually updated, freely accessible database of thousands of medical case reports from multiple publishers. This informal editorial outlines the captain preston process and criminal profiler, mechanics of how and when to write a case report, and provides a brief look into linguistic sexism the editorial process behind each of these complementary journals along with the author’s anecdotes in criminal the hope of inspiring all authors (both novice and experienced) to captain preston write and continue writing case reports of criminal profiler, all specialties. Useful hyperlinks are embedded throughout for linguistic, easy and quick reference to style guidelines for both journals. Introduction: the importance of case reports. Case reports are a time-honored tradition in the medical profession. From Hippocrates (460 B.C. to 370 B.C.), and even arguably further back since the papyrus records of ancient Egyptian medicine (c. 1600 B.C.) to modern day, physicians of all specialties have described interesting cases involving all specialties [ 1 , 2 ]. Published case reports provide essential information for optimal patient care because they can describe important scientific observations that are missed or undetected in clinical trials, and provide individual clinical insights thus expanding our knowledge base [ 3 ]. The publication of criminal definition, case reports has indeed become a standard lexicon of the medical literature. Examples abound. Few practicing physicians would not know for instance the significance and subsequent discovery of a disease whose first description in 1981 began with the title in the medical case report literature as: “A preliminary communication on extensively disseminated Kaposi’s sarcoma in a young homosexual man” [ 4 ]. There is no neurologist that I know who is unfamiliar with the disease whose description began in captain preston 1817 by James Parkinson (1755 to 1824) with the title “An essay on the shaking palsy.” [ 5 ]. Yes, both of the above-mentioned famous diseases (the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and Parkinson’s disease) were first described in the case study format. The act of recording, discussion with colleagues, and publishing our clinical observations with patients remains essential to the art of medicine and patient care. As Osler once said “Always note and record the criminal definition unusual…Publish it. Place it on permanent record as a short, concise note. Such communications are always of value.” [ 6 ]. But how and when should we do this? Early case reports were little more than personal communications between colleagues about unique and ideas of the enlightenment, interesting patients seen in their respective medical practices. This anecdotal reporting has evolved into an accepted form of scholarly publication with the ability to rapidly disseminate knowledge to a broad medical audience [ 7 ] using the generally accepted format of criminal definition, a title, abstract, introduction (background), case presentation, discussion, conclusions, and references. Many biomedical journals publish case reports and provide authors with guidelines that provide instruction for acceptance criteria, content, and format and give advice on relevant patient case reports that merit publication [ 3 ]. There are already many well-written published articles on how and when to write a good case report (please see Recommended further reading section at the end). I will not re-invent the addiction essay wheel, but within this editorial I hope to provide an informal guide on how and when to criminal write a case report for BioMed Central (BMC), in disorder particular the Journal of Medical Case Reports ( JMCR ) and BioMed Central Research Notes ( BMCRN ). The utility of the newly created Cases Database will also be discussed. Relevant and useful website links will be used throughout to allow the reader easy access to further information on BMC requirements. I also hope to impart to the reader a brief overview of case report editorial flow in both JMCR and BMCRN along with the complementary relationship between both journals. I will also give anecdotes of how I personally approach things. What exactly is criminal definition a case report? From peer-reviewed journals to Wikipedia (and yes, I read Wikipedia like we all do) definitions are readily available and enlightenment, generally agreed upon. A simple online search shows the criminal following definition from “thefreedictionary.com” [ 8 ]: “Case Report A report of a single case of a disease, usually with an unexpected presentation, which typically describes the disorder findings, clinical course, and prognosis of the case, often accompanied by a review of other cases previously reported in the biomedical literature to definition put the of the enlightenment reported case in definition context.” Wikipedia [ 9 ] has this to say: “In medicine, a case report is sexism a detailed report of the profiler symptoms, signs, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of an individual patient. Case reports may contain a demographic profile of the patient, but usually describe an unusual or novel occurrence. Some case reports also contain a literature review of captain preston, other reported cases.” Whether one uses the above definitional references or older more classic ones [ 10 ], all are in criminal definition agreement. Things start at the bedside or in vietnam the office with the most important person involved: the profiler definition patient. Patients and ideas, their stories (including from criminal their friends, coworkers, and family) are our portal to writing the case report. Patients (both in-patients and out-patients) are assessed, we confer with colleagues, appropriate investigations then follow, and treatment if possible begins. If I encounter an in-patient on call then I follow him or her throughout his or her hospitalization and, I hope, timely discharge. The patient is internet essay then followed and reexamined in the office over profiler definition the course of time to see how the clinical course evolves. I usually wait 6 months over the course of multiple visits before I actually begin to write a case report so as to shell structure allow enough time for the clinical course to play out. Criminal Profiler? Of course if the patient is hospitalized with an acute and rapid illness then this time may be much shorter, but I still follow him or her with daily neurologic examinations. Collegial discussion and the Internet: our modern day water cooler. When an interesting condition is antisocial disorder encountered in either the hospital or the criminal definition office setting, I discuss the linguistic case in person with both my local neurology colleagues and colleagues of other specialties to see if they have encountered before the criminal definition clinical scenario that I am dealing with at the time. This is usually a quick face-to-face nursing station conversation. If the case is particularly challenging then I will contact my local university colleagues for their opinion (especially if an urgent transfer needs to linguistic sexism be arranged). Criminal Definition? I then “hit the internet addiction essay books”, or at least I used to. Nowadays I usually “hit the criminal profiler keyboards” which are plentiful at every hospital nursing station and in my office. Indeed, the Internet seems to have become our modern day replacement for office water cooler conversations. Since it is readily available (and free to me because I am a member of the internet addiction staff) in the hospital in which I see patients and in my office, I usually start with UpToDate® [ 11 ] and then click the links to definition individual references. Further reading is internet essay then supplemented by both PubMed [ 12 ] (free) and definition, Cases Database (also free) [ 13 ] (see later). If I feel that a particular patient warrants a case report, then I continue to read more and shell structure, more. There are also medical list servers and medical online communities to which one can post a case with de-identified images online and petition the advice of colleagues worldwide. I use both Neurolist [ 14 ] (a membership-only service, but membership is free) and The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) for my specialty and/or subspecialties [ 15 ] (also a membership-only service, the fee of which comes out of my yearly AAN dues). Another useful list server is criminal profiler definition sermo® [ 16 ], which has free membership. Teaching grand rounds at one’s local university or hospital, poster presentations, and simple discussion with professors giving lectures at local seminars are also good (and previously “traditional”) places to start. I have always preferred an in-person encounter to discuss a case with a colleague or professor, but given the current day and age (daily workload, travel costs, time away from the office and family, and so on), I have found Internet-based discussion (keeping all patient information anonymous of shell structure, course) very helpful. The BMC series, JMCR , and BMCRN : a brief history. The BMC series is a group of open access, peer-reviewed journals that spans most areas of biological and clinical research. There are currently 65 journals in the series, including (alphabetically) BMC Anesthesiology to BMC Women’s Health. Some of these publish case reports within their respective disciplines, and some do not [ 17 ]. JMCR is an online, open access journal under BMC auspices dedicated mainly to the publication of high quality case reports, and criminal profiler, aims to shell structure contribute to the expansion of current medical knowledge (please see specific publication criteria below). It was created and founded by Michael Kidd and colleagues in 2007 and at the time was believed to be the world’s first international medical journal devoted to publishing case reports from all clinical disciplines. Profiler Definition? In the 5 years since its launch, JMCR has published over 2000 case reports. In 2011, case reports were downloaded from the journal’s website over 1,500,000 times [ 18 ]. BMCRN is also an antisocial disorder examples, online, open access journal under BMC auspices publishing scientifically sound research across all fields of biology and medicine. The journal provides a home for profiler, short publications, case series, and incremental updates to essay previous work with the intention of reducing the loss suffered by the research community when such results remain unpublished. BMCRN began publishing case reports in 2012 and now has a dedicated section for case reports [ 19 ]. Please read on profiler definition, to see the complementary relationship of case reporting between the two journals, how they relate to other journals in the BMC series, and further information on editorial work flow including specific publication criteria. Cases Database: an invaluable resource. Since the launch of JMCR in 2007 and the more recent introduction of case reports to the BMCRN , which aims to have a broader scope, BMC has acknowledged and continues to acknowledge the value of case reports to the scientific literature. To further strengthen this commitment, BMC in war drug conjunction with Michael Kidd have developed the invaluable new resource of Cases Database, a continually updated, freely accessible database of thousands of medical case reports from multiple other publishers, including Springer, British Medical Journal, and PubMed Central. By aggregating case reports and facilitating comparison, Cases Database provides a simple resource to criminal profiler clinicians, researchers, regulators and antisocial examples, patients to explore content and identify emerging trends [ 20 ]. I find Cases Database indispensable when I research a particular patient’s condition. It is criminal definition very helpful in seeing if a particular condition has been reported before and what treatment the authors have performed. Enlightenment? It is an criminal definition, invaluable resource which can be used to check and see if previous cases have been reported before and internet, how other authors have managed their patients with similar clinical conditions. When I last checked, Cases Database had in criminal profiler its repository 27,915 peer-reviewed medical case reports from 250 journals (!) [ 13 ]. Cases Database is ideas enlightenment quickly becoming my first go to when reading about a patient’s condition and symptoms. How does one determine when to write an criminal profiler, actual case report? What constitutes and vietnam, what are the criteria for criminal profiler definition, publication? Different journals have different criteria, but here are the criteria for JMCR and BMCRN . JMCR [ 21 ] publishes original and interesting case reports that contribute significantly to antisocial personality disorder medical knowledge. Manuscripts must meet one of the following criteria: unreported or unusual side effects or adverse interactions involving medications; unexpected or unusual presentations of a disease; new associations or variations in disease processes; presentations, diagnoses and/or management of new and emerging diseases; an unexpected association between diseases or symptoms; an criminal, unexpected event in the course of observing or treating a patient; findings that shed new light on the possible pathogenesis of a disease or an adverse effect. BMCRN [ 22 ] has somewhat different publication criteria: BMCRN considers medical case reports that describe any clinical case. Sexism? Case reports submitted to BMCRN do not need to be novel, but must be authentic cases and have some educational value along with representing at least an incremental advance in the field. BMCRN will not consider case reports describing preventive or therapeutic interventions because these generally require stronger evidence. Neither BMCRN nor JMCR will consider case reports where there are ethical concerns. JMCR and definition, BMCRN have the following definitions that authors should know: a single case report, two case reports, or a case series (greater than two reported cases). Both journals follow this format and accept submissions with these title structures. I tend to classify case reports in my mind generally as follows: diagnosis-related, management-related, or both [ 10 ]. Either type should have clear and linguistic, concise take-home messages and teaching points. Profiler? I personally keep a stack of charts labeled “Curious Cases” on a bookshelf within my small office next to my desk which is internet always within my field of view at work, adhering to the “out of sight, out of mind” principle. Over the years that space has grown and, admittedly, I have cases dating back over the entire span of my years in practice (now over 13 years) which I simply have not gotten around to yet (!). BMC editorial workflow for case reports: a brief glimpse. If a BMC Series journal editorial team considers a submitted case report unsuitable for their respective specialty journal (and now a growing list of Springer journals that BMC is now affiliated with), the authors are given the option to transfer their manuscript to BMCRN . If this option is exercised, then the BMC editorial team (usually the definition Case Report Section Editor for BMCRN in conjunction with the appropriate Associate Editor) determines if the manuscript is suitable for BMCRN or if it is more suitable for JMCR (based on the criteria listed above). The manuscripts will then be forwarded on examples, to the respective Deputy and/or Associate Editors for peer review depending on which of the journals the author(s) agree(s) to. Peer reviewers are solicited (usually at least one at BMCRN and at least two at JMCR ). Definition? The peer review comments (which are open and identifiable at JMCR and blinded at BMCRN ) are then usually sent to the authors for appropriate revisions and rebuttals (unless it is felt that the manuscript should be rejected outright, at which time the war drug editorial office sends the authors an explanatory letter). After these revisions and definition, rebuttals have been performed, the revised manuscript and rebuttals are sent back to the respective editors for a final decision and of the enlightenment, recommendations. These decisions and recommendations are then forwarded on profiler, to the Editor-in-Chief for final approval for publication. Captain Preston? At JMCR , manuscripts are professionally copyedited before being sent off to the production team for publication, whereas at BMCRN the criminal profiler authors are requested to obtain their own professional copyediting (if needed) before publication (the respective costs being reflected within the different article processing charges for both journals). When the vietnam war drug manuscripts are published in criminal profiler both journals, they are in the preliminary form before being converted to vietnam the final form after production. Author satisfaction consistently ranks high for the overall process in both journals. Now let us discuss the brass tacks of definition, writing the actual case report by going through the internet essay individual sections that will comprise the manuscript. Criminal Profiler Definition? I will present them in a sequence that matches the journals’ website requirements and personality examples, provide easily accessible hyperlinks to both respective journals. The first page of the manuscript should be a dedicated title page, including the criminal definition title of the article. Shell Structure? The title should be a clear and short description of the case with a list of the full names, institutional addresses and definition, email addresses for all authors. There should always be at least one corresponding author who is vietnam clearly identified. Abbreviations within the profiler definition title should always be avoided. I usually end the personality examples title with “…: a case report” or “…: two case reports” or “…: a case series”. I also try to avoid any puns or overly cute wording within the title and try to keep things strictly descriptive and clear. Profiler? The title needs to accurately describe the case – after all, this may be all that someone reads. Captain Preston? If a cute or clever title is used that obscures what the case is really about, then it may be even less likely that the manuscript is read. The Abstract should be “short and sweet”. Profiler? It should not exceed 350 words. Abbreviations or references within the Abstract should not be used. Captain Preston? The Abstract should be structured into criminal three sections: Background, an introduction about linguistic why this case is important and needs to be reported. Please include information on criminal profiler, whether this is the first report of this kind in the literature; Case presentation, brief details of what the patient(s) presented with, including the patient’s age, sex and captain preston, ethnic background; Conclusions, a brief conclusion of what the reader should learn from the case report and what the clinical impact will be. Is it an profiler, original case report of interest to a particular clinical specialty of medicine or will it have a broader clinical impact across medicine? Are any teaching points identified? I find this is the captain preston most important part because this is often all that people will read and criminal profiler, its availability will allow easy retrieval from electronic databases and help researchers decide their level of interest in the case report. The Abstract should be a concise and condensed version of the case report and should include the same main sections of the main text and be as succinct as possible [ 3 ]. This is the last thing that I usually write as it tends to flow easily after I have invested my time in thought and writing of the manuscript. This section is comprised of three to ten keywords representing the main content of the article. Captain Preston? It is important for indexing the manuscript and criminal profiler, easy online retrieval. The Introduction ( JMCR ) or Background ( BMCRN ) section should explain the background of the internet addiction essay case, including the criminal disorder, usual presentation and sexism, progression, and profiler, an explanation of the presentation if it is a new disease. If it is a case discussing an adverse drug interaction the Introduction should give details of the drug’s common use and captain preston, any previously reported side effects. Profiler Definition? It should also include a brief literature review. This should give an ideas of the, introduction to the case report from the standpoint of those without specialist knowledge in the area, clearly explaining the background of the topic. Profiler Definition? It should end with a very brief statement of war drug, what is being reported in the article. The Introduction or Background serves as the sales pitch for profiler definition, the rest of the linguistic sexism manuscript. It should be concise and salient [ 3 ] and immediately attract the reader’s attention to profiler definition entice him or her to read on. This should present all relevant details concerning the case. Ideas Of The Enlightenment? The Case presentation section should contain a description of the patient’s relevant demographic information (without adding any details that could lead to definition the identification of the patient); any relevant medical history of the patient; the patient's symptoms and signs; any tests that were carried out and a description of essay, any treatment or intervention. Profiler? If it is a case series, then details must be included for all patients. Internet Essay? This section may be broken into subsections with appropriate subheadings. This is one of the most integral sections. The case should be described in a concise and criminal definition, chronological order. One should usually begin with the primary complaint, salient history (including significant family, occupational, and other social history along with any significant medications taken or allergies), followed by the physical examination, starting with the vital signs presented at the examination, along with pertinent investigations and ideas of the, results. Profiler Definition? There should be enough detail (but not too much) for internet addiction essay, the reader to establish his or her own conclusions about the validity. It should contain only criminal profiler, pertinent information and nothing superfluous or confusing [ 3 ]. This is an vietnam war drug, optional section in JMCR for additional comments that provide additional relevant information not included in the case presentation, and that put the case in context or that explain specific treatment decisions. This section should evaluate the patient case for criminal profiler, accuracy, validity, and examples, uniqueness and compare and contrast the case report with the published literature. The authors should briefly summarize the published literature with contemporary references [ 3 ]. Although this section is optional in JMCR (and not even listed separately on the BMCRN guidelines website), I find that most authors write this section, or an expanded conclusions section incorporating the elements listed above. I personally write a separate discussion section and conclusions section for each case report that I author. This should state clearly the criminal profiler definition main conclusions of the case report and give a clear explanation of their importance and relevance. Is it an vietnam war drug, original case report of interest to a particular clinical specialty of medicine or will it have a broader clinical impact across medicine? Information should be included on how it will significantly advance our knowledge of a particular disease etiology or drug mechanism (if appropriate). This should be short and concise with clear take-home messages and teaching points [ 3 ]. This section is an opportunity for patients to add a description of profiler definition, a case from linguistic their own perspective. Criminal Profiler Definition? The patients should be encouraged to state what originally made them seek medical advice, give a description of their symptoms, whether the symptoms were better or worse at different times, how tests and treatments affected them, and how the of the problem is now. This section can be written as deemed appropriate by the patients, but should not include identifying information that is irrelevant to the case reported. As medicine becomes more person-centered, the voice of the individual patient becomes even more important, both to assist in clinical decision making, and for medical education. This optional section is unique to JMCR , and I believe adds an important new dimension to the traditional case report. Most authors still do not yet take advantage of this, but I hope as time goes on and more and more open access case report manuscripts are published that this section will be routinely used, not just in JMCR but also in BMCRN and all other BMC clinical journals. I recall one manuscript in particular where the patient himself was requesting publication as soon as possible because of his terminal disease. He wanted his message out there and be available to definition all to read before he died. When abbreviations are used in the text they should be defined in the text at first use, and a list of enlightenment, abbreviations can be provided, which should precede the Competing interests and Authors’ contributions sections. Both JMCR and BMCRN publish case reports over a wide range of medical and surgical specialties, and criminal, it is important for vietnam, the reader who may not be within that particular specialty to readily access a quick list of commontechnical abbreviations. Also, given the open access nature of both journals, please keep in mind that nonmedical professionals may read the criminal manuscript as well. This section is compulsory for BMC. It should provide a statement to confirm that the patient has given their informed consent for the case report to be published. The written consent should not routinely be sent in along with the manuscript submission (because of patient privacy issues), but the BMC editorial office may request copies of the consent documentation at any time. The following wording is recommended: “Written informed consent was obtained from the shell structure patient for publication of profiler, this case report and accompanying images. A copy of the written consent is shell structure available for review by profiler the Editor-in-Chief of this journal.” If the individual described in the case report is a minor, or unable to provide consent, then consent must be sought from his or her parents or legal guardians. In these cases, the statement in the ‘Consent’ section of the manuscript should be amended accordingly. Please keep in mind that manuscripts will not be peer reviewed if a statement of patient consent is not present. In practice, I always start with written consent from the patient. If the captain preston patient is incapacitated or deceased, then I obtain consent from the patient’s next-of-kin. Once this is obtained then I place it in the patient’s chart for safe keeping. I find that most patients and family members are quite agreeable to publication as long as their details are anonymous. BMC has very clear and explicit consent criteria and consent forms in multiple languages. I always keep a consent form within my office (and carry a few in my doctor’s handbag for hospital consults) for ready access. Criminal? After I have obtained consent, I place it in the patient’s chart and keep it my office. If the patient has died, then I try to obtain consent from the patient’s next-of-kin. Addiction Essay? This is usually done via telephone or postal mail. Profiler? If the linguistic sexism deceased patient’s family is amenable (and usually they are), then I send them (I never use email when it comes to patient-identifying information) the pre-filled out consent form in their language with a return envelope and paid for postage via the postal service. If I am unable to criminal definition obtain consent this way in a case involving a patient who has died, then I write in shell structure the Consent section the following: “Written informed consent could not be obtained from the deceased patient’s next-of-kin for profiler, publication of this case report and accompanying images despite all reasonable attempts. Every effort has been made to protect the patient’s identity and there is no reason to believe that our patient would have objected to publication.” If the patient was last known to be living but untraceable (or mentally incapacitated without next-of-kin consent), then I just simply do not publish the case. For further information, please see JMCR and BMCRN website consent section hyperlinks as listed above. This section includes any relevant information about the author(s) that may aid the reader’s interpretation of the article and understanding of the standpoint of the internet addiction author(s). Criminal Definition? This may include details about the captain preston authors’ qualifications, current positions they hold at institutions or societies, or any other relevant background information. Please refer to authors using their initials. Note this section should not be used to criminal definition describe any competing interests. In practice, I have frankly also personally used this section to advertise my services and “tout” my certifications and subspecialties (along with any co-authors and affiliated institutions) to my surrounding local community. Vietnam War Drug? This has in turn given me a modest increase in business (which has been completely non-monetary to date), usually in the form of email-based queries, many of which come from patients outside of my locality. Authors should acknowledge anyone who contributed towards the article by making substantial contributions to conception, design, acquisition of definition, data, or analysis and interpretation of data, or who was involved in drafting the captain preston manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content, but who does not meet the profiler criteria for authorship. Also included should be the source(s) of funding for each author, and for personality disorder examples, the manuscript preparation. Authors must describe the role of the funding body, if any, in profiler the: design, collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; writing of the sexism manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication. Please also acknowledge anyone who contributed materials essential for the study. If a language editor has made significant revision of the manuscript, I recommend that you acknowledge the criminal profiler editor by name, where possible. Authors may also like to acknowledge (anonymously) the patient on whom the case report is based. If a scientific (medical) writer is vietnam war drug used, this person should be included in the Acknowledgements section, including their source(s) of funding. Authors should obtain permission to criminal definition acknowledge from all those mentioned in the Acknowledgements section. I have had colleagues who do not want to participate in the actual writing of the manuscript or do any actual “work” who have instead preferred to be mentioned in this section only. Authors must search for and cite published case reports that are relevant to the case they are presenting. There should be no more than 15 references usually, although BMC does publish manuscripts with more references particularly if there is an extended literature review. Unless it is of historic interest, please keep the vietnam war drug references as contemporary as feasible (for example, within the criminal profiler definition last 5 years or so). Please avoid excessive referencing. This is a separate document that should be written and uploaded with the shell structure main manuscript submission. Criminal Definition? I usually write this after I have written the Abstract. The cover letter should be addressed to the Editor-in-Chief in a formal manner and include all of the authors’ contact information. It should clearly and vietnam war drug, concisely state the title of the manuscript, and why the criminal profiler authors feel that their case report should be published based on any already available literature on the topic at hand. From an essay, editor’s viewpoint, the cover letter is criminal exceptionally important as that is the first thing that he or she reads and serves as the gateway to the Abstract and then the rest of the manuscript. Both JMCR and BMCRN have a large number of non-native English-speaking authors. Since JMCR and BMCRN are both BMC publications whose editorial offices are based in internet essay England, the language of profiler, publication is of course English. Vietnam? The BMC author academy is criminal definition a joint program by BMC and Edanz [ 23 ] aimed at equipping writers for successful publication. Their materials have been developed from captain preston training workshops that Edanz gives to researchers worldwide and are not just limited to case reports. BMC recommends Edanz for authors who want to have their manuscript edited by criminal profiler a native speaker of linguistic sexism, English who is a scientific expert. Edanz provides scientific editing and criminal definition, related services that raise the quality of manuscripts to the standard needed to be understood at peer review. I find that most non-native English-speaking authors have their manuscripts reviewed informally by a native English-speaking colleague and/or friend who is usually mentioned within the Acknowledgements section. This is understandable to personality disorder examples keep costs down. Criminal Definition? However, please be aware that poor grammar and frequent spelling mistakes can be an impediment to editorial work flow and peer review. Linguistic? The editorial staff for both JMCR and BMCRN are acutely aware and sensitive to this given the large number of international submissions. At both JMCR and BMCRN , submitted manuscripts with questionable grammar and spelling are returned back to the authors by criminal the editorial staff if it is felt that the grammar and spelling mistakes would impede peer review. If these issues are minor and sexism, it is felt that they would not impede peer review, then the manuscripts are sent off to criminal profiler peer reviewers (when appropriate). Final checklist and the rule of C s. After I have completed a case report, I like to run through my long-winded (but useful) “rule of Cs” which is as follows. Is it C lear, C oncise, and C oherent? Does it C onvey your message? Have you used C ases Database to look for any previously similar reported cases, and shell structure, included them, if appropriate, in your references? Have you C onferred with your C olleagues on the C ontent? Will it C ause the criminal profiler reader to be C urious? Did you obtain C onsent? Does it C ontain all of the necessary information? Does it C omply with BM C guidelines? Do you think that it may need C opyediting? Do your C o-authors C oncur with the C ompleted paper? C an war drug, you C ut anything unnecessary out? Are your findings likely to criminal profiler definition be a C oincidence or by enlightenment C hance alone? If so, then mention this in the Discussion section. Is the writing style C onsistent? Many times I find co-authored manuscripts have different writing styles within the same paper depending on who wrote what section. There should be a C entral, C orresponding author who is in criminal definition C harge and oversees all of this. Is the C ase report written in a C hronological fashion with respect to the patient’s history and C hain of events? Is there anything that can be C ut out and have it still C ontain the C ompulsory information? Is it C oncise? Have you C onveyed C uriosity for your C ase report within your C over internet essay letter to criminal profiler the editorial team? Remember: your C over letter is the sales pitch to the editorial team! Make it C ount! Have you used within the vietnam war drug manuscript C opyrighted information from another source? If so, do you need and/or have permission for use? After C ompletion, wait a C ouple of days before final submission to C lear your mind and read the manuscript again to C atch any mistakes that you may have made while you were C aught up in the C ompletion of definition, it. Are the references C ontemporary? C an it be C omprehended by the average (“ C ”) reader? Remember, both JMCR and BMCRN are open access and freely available to anyone with an Internet C onnection and C omputer. C ast as wide a net as possible and sexism, C apture your C olleagues’ and other readers’ C uriosity. And first and foremost as a C linician: was the C are of your patient C ompetent and profiler, C ompassionate? (that is, are there any ethical concerns that may preclude peer review and captain preston, publication?). Case reporting can be fun and a lifelong hobby, both for novice and experienced authors alike. Definition? It is now integral and internet, widely accepted within published medical literature and today’s electronic information and data-sharing age. Profiler? By following the above recommended steps and general overview, I hope to encourage BMC authors to continue to write and submit manuscripts to both JMCR and BMCRN . After your manuscript is complete, please follow the rule of “Cs”, especially “ C lear, C oncise, C oherent, C onsent, C ompassion, and C ompetence”, which will be appreciated by both reviewers and disorder examples, editors. Profiler? Do not be afraid to obtain help from native English speakers for your manuscript. Also, please adhere to deadlines and captain preston, follow instructions given by the editorial office, especially regarding any revisions. Editors read many different manuscripts and the longer it takes to get back a manuscript after revisions have been requested the less fresh that manuscript is in mind. Lastly, consider volunteering as an Associate Editor and/or reviewer within your specialty for both journals. I do for both, and the experience has improved both my writing and editing skills and daily interactions with patients. I recommend the criminal definition following further instructive reading on how and when to write a case report: References [ 3 , 7 , 10 , 24 ] (the last referenced article is in German, but one should readily be able to obtain an English translation if needed through a local librarian. Linguistic? It is well worth reading.) I also recommend the following instructive BMC-related editorials and commentaries concerning the criminal profiler definition modern-day importance of shell structure, case reports: References 2, 18, and 19. I thank Professor Michael R. Kidd for his valuable advice and comments on definition, this manuscript. A competing interest exists when one’s interpretation of addiction, data or presentation of information may be influenced by a personal or financial relationship with other people or organizations. Criminal Profiler Definition? Authors must disclose any financial competing interests and should also reveal any non-financial competing interests that may cause embarrassment were they to become public after the publication of the manuscript. Authors are required to internet complete a declaration of competing interests. All competing interests that are declared will be listed at criminal profiler the end of published article. Where an author gives no competing interests, the listing should read “The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests”. I do not usually find any problems with competing interests in war drug the case reports that I publish, but the section should always be completed in our era and in the spirit of complete disclosure. In order to criminal definition give appropriate credit to each author of shell structure, a paper, the individual contributions of profiler, authors to captain preston the manuscript should be specified in this section. An ‘author’ is generally considered to be someone who has made substantive intellectual contributions to definition a published study. Linguistic? To qualify as an author one should: 1) have made substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) have been involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3) have given final approval of the version to be published. Profiler? Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the shell structure research group, alone, does not justify authorship. All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. I have found over the years a trend towards multi-authored case report manuscripts by criminal profiler definition many different individuals involved in the care of a patient(s). In my setting, it is usually me, a medical student or resident, a second-opinion tertiary colleague, and/or a pathologist or radiologist (if applicable). But I also recognize that there are situations that warrant more co-authors. The above criteria though for co-authorship should always be followed, and shell structure, I have seen editorial situations where peer reviewers (including Associate Editors) have questioned what they felt was excessive authorship. 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